Coffee is a world prevalent beverage, made from roasted and ground seeds of coffee or kafeodendroy. It is estimated that the process of preparation of the beverage world repeats over 400 billion times a year.
The plant from which it comes the coffee (grains) is an Evergreen shrub kormwdis that looks a lot like cherry. Has 66 recognized varieties and is called kafeodendro or Coffea. The kafeodendra live about 25-30 years and thrive mostly in tropical climates. Wild reach a height of 30 feet, the height of cultivated is limited, for easier harvesting. There are two main species of coffee plant Coffea arabica, derived from Ethiopia and gives the fruits with the best taste and aroma, and the Coffea canephora (robusta), the fruits of which contain more caffeine, and comes from Uganda. The buds of Brown (wrist) grow along the branches and it takes almost a year until they ripen, taking a reddish color. The coffee bean is the seed of the fruit of the tree is located in the Centre, beneath the flesh and rind of the fruit, which is removed during the pre-processing of coffee. The grain split usually into 2 parts or may be even odd, aka Pearly (Pearl Coffee).
The history of coffee began in Ethiopia, where the Coffea arabica grew freely like Bush. Initially the fruit used self-subsistent from local populations, who either chewed or ground into small balls. Brown's name comes from the Arabic word qahhwa which is a corruption of a part of the original Arabic name of Brown, qahwat al-būnn, wine, grain, which refers to the fact that coffee is used as a substitute for wine, as the Koran prohibits alcohol. When coffee was introduced in Europe he was known as "Arabian wine". Another version returns the name of the cafe in the Kingdom of Kaffa, the region of Ethiopia where coffee used. It is worth noting that the origin of the coffee and the discovery of its properties gave food and in several myths. The most important is the one who performs the discovery of the properties of coffee in an Ethiopian gidobosko, Kaldi, noticed that his animals became more active when they ate the fruit of the coffee plant (legend of dancing goats) and he says that coffee was given to Mohammed by the Archangel Gabriel to give strength and durability. Arab world from Africa coffee spent in Yemen, where he brought slaves from Sudan. The first mention of the Muslims is roughly at 900 a.d. in the writings of the Persian physician Rhazes and calculated that the manufacture of coffee as we know it today (with seed roasting and boiling) began g'yrw in the 14th century. The first detailed report about the origin and use of coffee is a work of Abd al-Qadir Al-TZaziri from the 1587, stating that the first who introduced the use of coffee was the Mufti of Aden in the 14th century. From the Yemen coffee spread further north, in Mecca and Medina, and from there to the major cities of North Africa. The coffee property to katapolema the sleepiness made him popular among Sufis, while as the Koran prohibits using alcohol coffee was considered a good substitute, and from a social point of view the use was identical to that of alcohol in the West: the kafepoteia became a place of aggregation, discussions, entertainment or gambling. The first kafepoteia opened in Mocha, which was the main port from which the movement of coffee. Several times because of their kafepoteia character became place of political discussion and activity, and it made several attempts to shut it down, but without success due to the popularity of the beverage. The same fate befell the efforts to prohibit generally the coffee as a stimulating substance, both by hardline imams in Mecca and Cairo, as well as from the Ethiopic Church later.
Coffee, like ready product, as Arabs they strictly seed export, passed in Europe by Venice, which had strong trade relations with the Arab world, in the late 16th century. Was allocated originally by the Venetian merchants in the rich, like exotic species. His popularity grew after Pope Clement Viii, despite the advice of his surroundings to aforisei coffee like Islamic threat to Christianity, tried in 1600 coffee, he found exquisite and "baptized" Christian beverage. The first kafepoteio opened in Italy in 1645. The Dutch were the first who managed to get coffee seeds and cultivate initially at their colonies in Indonesia. At the same time about the coffee plant passed and in India, where carried seeds smuggled Baba Mpoyntan, returning from Mecca. The popularity of coffee grew rapidly in Europe; in England there were 3000 kafepoteia in 1675. The coffee arrived in France in 1657, and in 1669 the gift he brought to Paris the Envoy of Sultan Mohamed IV was a great quantity of coffee. One of the spoils of Poles, Austrians and Germans after their victory in Vienna in 1683 was the many sandbags with Brown left behind by the defeated Ottoman army. The Frantsizek Koyltzitski, a Polish officer in which slaves the sacks of coffee as a gift for his bravery, opened a kafepoteio, while prwtotypise and by adding sugar and milk in the coffee. So this victory was and the reason for the spread of coffee in Austria, Poland and Germany.
Coffee brought to the Americas by the French, through their colonies to Martinique, French Guinea and elsewhere. The first plants brought by Gabriel de Klioy in Martinique in 1714. From there he passed to French Guinea. In 1727, the Francisco Palcheta was sent by the King of Brazil in Guinea, in order to bring coffee seeds to be grown in the country. Since the posting of the seeds proved to be difficult, the Palcheta solved the problem seducing the wife of the French Governor, which gave him seed and spawn coffee, so the plant passed in Brazil, which is now the country with the largest coffee producer in the world. Around the same time the coffee grown in Jamaica, 1740 in Mexico, 1784 in Venezuela and at the end of the century in Colombia. In 1893, he passed coffee from Brazil in Kenya and Tanzania, thus completing the transcontinental journey that began just north, in Ethiopia, 900 years ago.